Politically a Democrat, then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York during the 1980s.Giuliani prosecuted pivotal cases against the American Mafia, and against corrupt corporate financiers.
the third-highest position in the Department of Justice.
During his first term as mayor of New York City, Giuliani hired a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city.
for his leadership in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001.
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